Treatments at OASES Eye Care Center

Surface Cancer

At OASES, our team of doctors comprise of ophthalmologists that have specialized in ocular oncology thus ensuring all cases are diagnosed and treated in a timely and effective manner.

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Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a lesion that arises on the conjunctiva or cornea. It tends to appear as a whitis/pinkish or at times pigmented growth on surface that slowly increases in size. If left untreated for long, it can become invasive and the cancer can penetrate the eye or spread to lymph nodes.

In case of any growth on the eye, it is imperative to have it examined by an ophthalomologist/oculoplasty surgeon trained ion ouclar oncology (eye cancer). Tumors caught in early stages by the expert eye, can save eyes and lives.

In the first photo below of a 53 year old gentlemen, the OSSN was removed surgically following strict protocols as recommended for surface tumors and the sample was send for histopathological anaylsis.

The second picture is of a 46 year old woman who was diagnosed with a pigmented OSSN. The OSSN was excised surgically and pathology report confirmed the diagnosis and patient was rendered cancer free.

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What you need to know about eye cancer

Eye cancer is a type of cancer that impacts the cells of the eye and can occur within the eye, on the surface of the eye, around the orbit, or the eyelids and tear ducts. Based on the area where they occur and the severity of the case, the type and treatment of cancer is diagnosed. At OASES, our team of doctors comprise of ophthalmologists that have specialized in ocular oncology thus ensuring all cases are diagnosed and treated in a timely and effective manner.

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

This condition refers to a malignancy of the conjunctiva and cornea. It is typically presents as a growth or mass on eye surface and tends to progress slowly. People who are highly exposed to the sun and those who are immunocompromised (transplant patients, with HIV, and other conditions that reduce immunity) are more at risk of developing this condition. Diagnosis requires a physical examination by an ophthalmologist and may require a biopsy for confirmation. In some cases, OSSN can be treated by chemotherapy with Interferons, Mitomycin C eye drops while others may require surgery. The decision is taken after detailed history taking and examination of the eye by the consultant.

Eyelid Cancer

In the eyelid region, the first signs of cancer may appear as a mass, thickening or ulceration, or loss of eyelashes. Timely diagnosis and treatment of this cancer is critical to prevent it from spreading to the orbit or elsewhere in the body. The growth may be discolored or even impact the position of the eyelid. In case of any such abnormal appearance of the eyelid, it is essential to consult an Oculoplasty surgeon at the earliest. Diagnosis of this condition can be done on clinical examination and after a biopsy to check whether the growth is benign or malignant. Larger masses will need CT scan/MRI and other investigations as well. Treatment may include surgical removal and eyelid reconstruction. After pathological examination, further treatment in the form of chemotherapy, radiation or even cryotherapy may be discussed.

Intraocular Cancer

Cancer that starts inside the eyeball is called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers are melanoma and retinoblastoma. In general, treatment options for these conditions involve surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor in the retina which is located at the back of the eyeball and is commonly seen in children. The symptoms commonly manifest as inflammation or whitening of the pupil.

Diagnosis requires a physical examination by an ocular oncologist followed by a CT scan and other investigations as may be needed. The treatment will depend on staging and grouping of the cancer. Modalities include surgery, cryotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation. The treatment is a multi-modal and will involve an Ocular oncologist, a paediatric oncologist, paediatrician, radiation oncologist to name a few.

Uveal Melanoma

Melanoma is a form of pigmented cells that form a tumor inside the eye. It can be of three types:

  • Iris melanoma
  • Ciliary body melanoma
  • Choroidal melanoma

Symptoms include pigmentation, poor or blurred vision and a sensation of flashing lights. Diagnosis requires an expert ophthalmologist as a biopsy is not possible in all cases. Based on the size and severity of the case, treatment may include laser therapy, radiation therapy, or surgical excision.

Thus, when it comes to matters of the eye, an examination by a proficient ophthalmologist is important to ensure timely diagnosis and treatment of anything that may be disease causing. Be sure to schedule a routine eye screening every 6 to 12 months to ensure your eyes are healthy and your vision clear. This screening routine is recommended for all age groups from a renowned eye care specialist.